the island



Summers see the annual return of marine mammals such as porpoises, dolphins, basking sharks, Minke whales and occasional sightings of Orcas which can be spotted from cliff-top walks or on board MV Shearwater on route to Eigg or the other Small Isles.

For a small island, Eigg has an impressive number of bird species, with approximately 130 recorded a year, half of which breed on the island. Resident bird species include a wide variety of woodland and shore-line birds; you can frequently see Golden Eagles soaring above the Sgurr, Buzzards watching passers by from a roadside fencepost or Red Throated Divers off-shore.

The varied habitats support diverse and abundant plant-life including over 500 higher plant species and 300 bryophyte species. There are twelve species of orchid growing on Eigg and the cliffs are inhabited by a variety of Alpine and Arctic speices souch ous Mountain Avens and Saxifrages.


Eigg attracts a number of geologists, being well known for interesting mix of igneous and sedimentary rocks and links with Scotland’s infamous geologist, Hugh Millar, who found Plesiosaur bones in a bed of limestone in 1844.

Fossils can still be seen in the sedimentary rocks along the shoreline, particularly at the north end of the island, the oldest of which date to the Jurassic Period. Above the sedimentary rocks, a series of basalt lava flows make up a large proportion of the island. The impressive mile long pitchstone ridge of An Sgurr at the south end of Eigg was formed by subsequent volcanic activity.